School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering (SICE)
Intelligent Systems Engineering Colloquium Series (ISE)
Speaker: Xiongbin Lu, IU School of Medicine
Where: Simon Hall 101
When: Friday, December 7, 2018 at 10:00 AM
Title: Revolutionizing Precision Cancer Medicine Through Human Cancer Genomics
Genomic instability is one of the most pervasive characteristics of cancer cells. In my laboratory, we have been studying DNA damage response and cancer genomic alterations (translocation, amplification, and deletion). It is well known that the tumor suppressor p53 is frequently inactivated by mutation or deletion in a majority of human tumors. A tremendous effort has been made to restore p53 activity in cancer therapies. However, no effective p53-based therapy has been successfully translated into clinical cancer treatment due to the complexity of p53 signaling. Therefore, identification of vulnerabilities conferred by p53 deletion or mutation is a major challenge to target p53 aberrancy in human cancer. My recent work revealed that frequent hemizygous deletion of the p53 gene often encompasses a neighboring essential gene, POLR2A, rendering cancer cells vulnerable to further suppression of POLR2A (Liu Y et al., Nature 2015, Li Y et al., Nature Communications 2018). POLR2A encodes the catalytic subunit of RNA polymerase II complex, which can be specifically inhibited by α-amanitin. We showed that α-amanitin-based antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are highly effective therapeutic agents in treating human cancers with hemizygous loss of p53 but have minimal systematic toxicity. In collaboration with physician scientists and pharmaceutical company, we are now developing precision medicine therapies for human cancers with such genomic defects.
Xiongbin Lu is the Vera Bradley Foundation Professor of Breast Cancer Innovation at IU School of Medicine. His research focuses on developing precision cancer therapies to treat human cancers with genomic events. He was the first to identify a master inhibitory phosphatase, Wip1, in the ATM-p53 signaling pathway and explored the functions of Wip1 in mammary tumorigenesis. His recent studies uncovered the first functional link, KSRP, which connects the DNA damage response to microRNA biogenesis. His current research, includes a development of genetic mouse models, state-of-art molecular biology/genetics methodology and reagents, and bioinformatic analyses of human cancer genomics. His laboratory has been collaborating with clinicians and pharmaceutical companies for translational and clinical development. His laboratory is currently supported by several NIH-R01 grants with a focus on targeted cancer therapies.